A temperature-sensitive cell-cycle mutant of mammalian cells, tsJT16, is defective in a function operating soon after growth stimulation.

Abstract

A temperature-sensitive cell-cycle mutant, tsJT16, which has been isolated from Fischer rat fibroblasts, was defective in the function(s) that operated soon after growth stimulation. When G0-arrested tsJT16 was stimulated to proliferate, it entered the S phase after 12-15 h at 34 degrees C but failed to do so at 40 degrees C. The function mutated in tsJT16 was required to be normal for the first 4 h or less for cells to transit from the G0 to S phase. The induction of cell-cycle-dependent genes such as c-fos, c-myc and ornithine decarboxylase was observed at both temperatures after growth stimulation. Although an increase in total protein synthesis occurred at both temperatures after growth stimulation, synthesis of one protein (p70) (pI 7.8 and Mr 70,000) was inhibited at 40 degrees C. Synthesis of p70 was negligible in G0-arrested cells and blocked by actinomycin D in serum-stimulated cells at 34 degrees C. These results suggest that tsJT16 has a ts defect in one of the signal transduction processes to induce gene activation. tsJT16 was also defective in progression of the G1 phase of growing cells, consistent with the previous results in which growth stimuli were required at G1 for continuation of proliferation.

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