Delayed recurrence of reflux was discovered in 4 children among 103 who were followed at least 5 years after ureteral reimplantation for treatment of vesicoureteral reflux. In each of the 103 children initial success in correction of reflux was proved by 2 cystographic series performed 3 months apart after the initial ureteral reimplantation. Reoperation was successful in correction of the recurrent reflux in 2 children, failed in 1 and has been attempted in 1. Prolonged postoperative followup (to at least 5 years) is recommended after ureteral reimplantation for treatment of vesicoureteral reflux.
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